A on vehicle
A, Pump the brakes until the pedal will no longer go down, apply pressure to the pedal and start the engine, Your foot pedal should go down when the engine starts.
A, Pull the wheel down slightly to the left, when you start the engine, your hand should move downwards with the initial pressure you applied hence letting you know that the hydraulics are working correctly.
A, Drive forward to approx 20mph and apply the brakes gently, if the car pulls to one side , or the other, you are advised to get the braking system checked immediately.
A, Whilst a vehicle or garage wall is behind you, touch the brakes to ensure they illuminate. NOTE you can check your brake lights are working whilst out on the road simply by waiting until a bus pulls up behind,you will see the reflection of your brake lights in it's front window or when you stop opposite large shop windows. This may have to be done one at a time.
A, When the hand brake is fully applied, it is the amount left spare where you can still lift the handbrake, should the cable stretch or the brakes wear down meaning,the hand brake has to lift higher to hold the vehicle. NOTE you have run out of "reserve travel" when the leaver reaches it's upper most point. This is an MOT FAIL if it does not hold the vehicle to a satisfactory degree.
A, 1.6mm is the MINIMUM depth of tread by law and you check by placing your finger in the groove of the tyre to locate the DEPTH TREAD WEAR MARKERS. The tread should be above these rubber markers. IF NOT,THEY ARE ILLEGAL.
A, Cuts and abrasions around the inner and outer tyre walls and ensure there are no stones, nails etc stuck in the tyres.
A, Anti Lock Braking, this allows you to brake under maximum braking potential and still steer around a hazard if required. NOTE, if you have a vehicle without ABS, you would have to momentarily release the brakes to steer then re apply them.
A, Equal brake force distribution and what it does is sense if one side of the braking system is locking so it will quickly release the brakes and re apply so keeping the vehicle in a straight line should one side, or the other be braking on ice or snow.
A, Day or night in different conditions, your head lights AND fog lights should be applied if visibility is reduced to less than 100m. REMEMBER,,, Heavy snow, Spray from tyres can seriously REDUCE your visibility.
A, Keep your thumb on the handbrake release catch and lift to slow the vehicle down by lifting it up and down "CAUTION" keep thumb on button so as NOT to lock the handbrake on, when you have dropped your speed a little, change down a gear and reapply the handbrake again, repeat this process until you bring your vehicle to a safe speed and onto the HARD SHOULDER out of harms way. "NOTE" your handbrake is a "PARKING BRAKE" but can be used in an emergency. Your master brakes are "HYDRAULIC" and if they fail, GENERALLY, your handbrake is MECHANICAL ie,,, No hydraulics required to operate.
A, Emergency Brake Assist, If you are getting too close to a vehicle in front of you, your brakes will come on automatically or if a person or object wonders in front of you, this will actuate your brakes so in theory, preventing an accident. it is worth noting, most modern and up to date cars from this year will have it fitted as standard. PLEASE DO NOT LEAVE YOUR BRAKING TO THE SENSORS TO DO IT FOR YOU. your car may NOT have this system fitted and you WILL hit the vehicle / person in front of you so just drive as you would if NOT fitted.
A, As a general rule,they are for breakdown only,however. it is advisable to apply your 4 way hazards if you notice that in the distance, on a Motorway that all the traffic is slowing down quickly.Showing your hazard lights for 5 or so indications draws attention to the issue hence warning approaching vehicles to the rear that there is something wrong up ahead and can prevent bad rear end collisions.
A, Look in the owners hand book or inside the drivers door or pillar, most vehicles have got the tyre pressures displayed on there.
A, Inflate the spare to the HIGHEST pressure on the vehicle. That way, you can always let a little air out to accommodate the lower pressure tyre. "NOTE", It is better to inflate the spare just a few lb more as air seepage can occur over time.